PURPOSE
The purpose of this phase is for children to broaden their knowledge of graphemes (smallest units of written language) and phonemes (smallest units of spoken language) for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations. Children become quicker at recognising graphemes of more than one letter in words and at blending the phonemes they represent. When spelling words they will learn to choose the appropriate graphemes to represent phonemes and begin to build word-specific knowledge of the spellings of words.

LEARNING OUTCOMES – TEACHING FURTHER GRAPHEMES FOR READING

ay day

oy boy

wh when

a-e make

ou out

ir girl

ph photo

e-e these

ie tie

ue blue

ew new

ie like

ea eat

aw saw

oe toe

au paul

 

/c/

/ch/

/f/

/j/

/m/

/n/

/ng/

/r/

/s/

/sh/

/v/

/w/

k

tch

ph

g

mb

kn

n(k)

wr

c

ch

ve

wh

ck

   

dge

 

gn

   

sc

t(ion)

   

qu

               

ss(ion, ure)

   

x

               

s(ion, ure)

   

ch

               

c(ion, ious, jial)

   
 
 

/e/

/i/

/o/

/u/

/ai/

/ee/

/igh/

/oa/

/oo/

/oo/

ea

y

(w)a

o

ay

ea

y

ow

ew

u

 

ey

   

a-e

e-e

ie

oe

ue

oul

       

eigh

ie

i-e

o-e

ui

o (north)

       

ey

y

 

o

ou

 
       

ei

ey

       
         

eo

       
 

 

/ar/

/or/

/ur/

/ow/

/oi/

/ear/

/air/

/ure/

/er/

a (south)

aw

ir

ou

oy

ere

are

our

our

 

au

er

   

eer

ear

 

e

 

al

er

         

u

 

our

           

etc